What is macular degeneration and can it be prevented?

Smiling young woman and mature mother hugging.At Wilkinson Eye Center, our physicians can evaluate and educate patients to determine if they are dealing with any eye or vision concerns. This includes conditions such as macular degeneration. Patients in the areas of Clarkston and Pontiac, MI who are in need of an evaluation may want to call our facility and undergo screening for macular degeneration. Getting a definitive diagnosis and speaking to a professional about treatment the best way to proactively protect your vision from permanent damage.

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is an age-related condition that affects the macula, the small, central portion of the retina that is responsible for sharp, central vision. Macular degeneration can cause a gradual loss of central vision, making it difficult to read or see fine details. In some cases, macular degeneration can also lead to complete blindness.

What types of macular degeneration are diagnosed in patients?

There are two types of macular degeneration, including both dry and wet.

  • Dry macular degeneration. With dry macular degeneration, the more common type, it progresses more slowly than wet macular degeneration. In dry macular degeneration, small clumps of protein known as drusen build up under the retina. Drusen are a normal part of aging, and most people have at least a few by the time they’re 60. But if you have large numbers of drusen or if they grow quickly, you may be at risk of developing vision loss from dry macular degeneration over the alternative type.
  • Wet macular degeneration. With wet macular degeneration, degeneration occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow underneath the retina and leak fluid or blood, causing damage to the macula. Wet macular degeneration can progress rapidly and cause significant vision loss.

Can macular degeneration be prevented?

There is no sure way to avoid macular degeneration, but by living a healthy lifestyle and undergoing regular eye examinations at the Wilkinson Eye Center, patients can proactively protect their vision from damaging conditions.

How do I learn more about macular degeneration?

Call our physicians at 248-334-4931 to request an appointment at either of our two office locations, including our Pontiac and Clarkston, MI practices. We are open to new and returning patients and can screen you for this and other vision concerns.

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